Showing posts with label Syllabus. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Syllabus. Show all posts

Wednesday, November 23, 2011

राज्यसेवा मुख्य परीक्षेच्या अभ्यासक्रमात आणि पद्धतीत आमुलाग्र - स्वागतार्ह बदल:

राज्य लोकसेवा आयोगाने पुढे होणाऱ्या राज्यसेवा मुख्य परीक्षेसाठी सुधारित अभ्यासक्रमाचा मसुदा वेबसाईटवर जाहीर केला आहे.
त्यानुसार काही मुख्य बदल
1 . यापुढे वैकल्पिक विषय नाहीत. सर्व परीक्षार्थी एकाच पातळीवर आणण्याचे महत्त्वपूर्ण काम या निर्णयाने  केले.
2 . सर्व परीक्षा बहुपर्यायी विकल्प (MCQ)स्वरुपात .अपवाद मराठी आणि इंग्रजीचा : हे दोन पेपर पूर्वीप्रमाणेच दिर्घोत्तरी स्वरुपात असतील. फक्त येथे निगेटिव्ह असेल 2 चुकीच्या उत्तरान्मागे एक गुण .यामुळे दीर्घोत्तरी उत्तरांमधील व्यक्तीसापेक्ष गुणदान पद्धती बदलेल आणि अभ्यासू परीक्षार्यांना याचा  लाभच  होईल. शिवाय निकाल वेळेत लावताना आयोगालाही फारश्या सबबी देता येणार नाहीत.
3 . एकूण 6  पेपर. एकूण गुण 800 (मराठी, इंग्रजी प्रत्येकी 100 गुण  आणि सामान्य अध्ययन 4 पेपर प्रत्येकी 150 गुण  )
४. अर्थात  पूर्वीच्या 1600 लेखी परीक्षेच्या  गुणांवरून 800 गुणांकडे जाताना आयोगाने मुलाखतीचे गुणही 100 केले आहेत.
५. म्हणजे अंतिम गुणवत्ता यादी बनवताना 800+100=900 गुण विचारात घेतले जातील.
सविस्तर अभ्यासक्रम  खालीलप्रमाणे:

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Standard : Degree. Total Marks : 150 Medium-Marathi and English
Nature of Paper : Objective Type. Duration : 2 Hours
(1) The Nature and standard of questions in the paper will be such that a well educated person will
be able to answer without any specialised study and its intention is to test candidate’s general
awareness of a variety of subjects.
(2) It is expected from candidates to study the latest and recent developments and happenings
pertaining to the topics/sub topics mentioned below.
1.1 History of Modern India particularly Maharashtra: Introduction of modern education - Press,
Railway, Post and Telegraph, Industries, Land reforms and Socio-religious reforms – Its impact
on society.
1.2 Establishment of British Rule in India: Wars against major Indian powers, Policy of
subsidiary alliance, Doctrine of Lapse, Structure of British Raj upto 1857.
1.3 Socio-Cultural Changes: Contacts with Christian Missions, coming of English education and
the Press, Official-social reform measures (1828 to 1857). Socio-religious reform movements:
Brahmo Samaj, Prarthana Samaj, Satyashodhak Samaj, Arya Samaj. Reform movements
among the Sikhs and the Muslims, Depressed Classes Mission, Non-Brahmin movement and
Justice Party.
1.4 Social and economic awakening: Indian Nationalism - 1857 revolt and after, Indian National
Congress (1885 - 1947), Azad Hind Sena, Role of important personalities, Role of Press and
Education in social awakening in pre- independent India.
1.5 Emergence and growth of Indian nationalism : Social background, formation of National
Associations, Peasant uprisings, foundation of Indian National Congress, the moderate phase,
growth of extremism, Morley-Minto reforms, Home Rule movement, Lucknow pact, Mont-Ford
1.6 National movement in Gandhi Era: Gandhiji’s leadership and ideology of resistance,
Gandhian mass movements, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience, individual Satyagraha, Quit
India movement. Satyashodhak Samaj, Gandhiji and removal of untouchability, Dr.
B.R.Ambedakar’s approach to problem of untouchability, Muslim politics and Freedom
movement (Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Aligarh movement, Muslim League and Ali Brothers,
Iqbal, Jinnah), Unionist Party and Krishak Praja Party, Politics of Hindu Mahasabha,
Communists and the Indian freedom struggle, Congress Socialist Party, Women in the National
movement, States’ Peoples' movements, Leftist Movement – Peseant Movement - Tribal
uprising, Trade Union Movement and Adivasi Movement.
1.7 India after Independence: Consequences of Partition, Integration of Princely states, Linguistic
reorganisation of states, Nehru’s Policy of Non-alignment. Samyukta Maharashtra movement:
major political parties and personalities involved therein, Relations with neighbouring countries,
India’s role in International Politics. Progress in Agriculture, Industry, Education, Science and
Technology. Emergence of Indira Gandhi’s Leadership, Liberation of Bangladesh, Non-
Alignment under Indira Gandhi, Coalition Governments in States; Students’ unrest,
Jayaprakash Narayan and Emergency. Terrorism in Punjab and Assam. Naxalism and Maosim,
Environmental Movement, Women’s Movement and Ethnic Movement.
1.8 Selected Social Reformers of Maharashtra- their ideology and work: Gopal Ganesh
Agarkar, Mahatma Phule, M.G. Ranade, Prabodhankar Thakare, Maharshi Karve, Rajarshi
Shahu Maharaj, Maharshi Vitthal Shinde, Babasaheb Ambedkar, Lokmanya Tilak, Mahatma
Gandhi, Vinoba Bhave, Vinayak D. Sawarkar, Annabhau Sathe, Krantiveer Nana Patil, Lahuji
Salve, Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil.
1.9 Cultural Heritage of Maharashtra (Ancient to Modern) : Performing Arts (Dance, Drama,
Films, Music and Folk Arts, Lavani, Tamasha, Povada, Bharud, and other folk dances), Visual
Arts (Architecture, Painting and Sculpture) and Festivals. Impact of Literature on socio -
psychological development of Maharashtra: Bhakti, Dalit, Urban and Rural Literature.
2.1 Physical Geography: Interior of the earth- composition and physical conditions. Factors
controlling landform development. Concept of geomorphic cycles- landforms associated with
fluvial, arid, glacial, and coastal cycle. Evolution and Geomorphology of the Indian
Subcontinent- Major physiographic regions - Problems of floods - Physiographic details of
Maharashtra. Geomorphic features of Maharashtra. India's strategic location with reference to
her neighbours, Indian Ocean Rim, Asia and the World.
2.2 Economic Geography of Maharashtra: Minerals and Energy Resources: Their distribution,
importance and development in Maharashtra. Tourism in Maharashtra – Religious Tourism,
Medicinal Tourism, Eco-Tourism and Cultural Heritage. Reserved forests, Animal sanctuaries,
National Parks and Forts in Maharashtra, Tiger Project.
2.3 Human and Social Geography of Maharashtra: Migration of population, causes and effects,
sugarcane cutting labourers - effects of migration on source and destination areas. Rural
settlements in Maharashtra. Problems of Urban and Rural Settlements – Environmental,
Housing, Slum, Water Supply and Sanitation, Urban Traffic and Pollution.
2.4 Climate and soils: Atmosphere- composition and structure. Solar radiation and heat balance.
Weather elements- temperature, pressure, planetary and local winds, monsoon, air masses
and fronts and cyclones. Mechanism of Indian monsoon, monsoon forecast, distribution of
rainfall, cyclones, droughts and floods, and climatic regions. Distribution of Rainfall in
Maharashtra - spatial and temporal variability - Agroclimatic zones of Maharashtra - Problem of
Drought and scarcity, DPAP (Draught Prone Area Programme) –Water requirement in
Agricultural, Industrial and Domestic Sectors. Problem of Drinking Water. Soils: problems of
soil erosion and degradation in Maharashtra.
2.5 Environmental Geography: Ecology and Ecosystem- energy flow, material cycle, food chain
and webs. Environmental degradation and conservation, global ecological imbalances- pollution
and Greenhouse effect, role of CO2 and methane in greenhouse effect, global warming,
reduction in bio-diversity and depletion of forests. Environmental laws and environmental
impact assessment. Kyoto protocol and Carbon credits. Urban waste management. CRZ I and
2.6 Population Geography (with reference to Maharashtra): Causes and consequences of
migration. Rural and Urban settlements- site, situation, types, size, spacing and morphology.
Urbanisation- process and problems. Rural – Urban Fringe, and sphere of urban influence.
Regional imbalances.
2.7 Remote Sensing: Concept of remote sensing. Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites.
Imageries- IRS products, MSS bands- blue, green, red and near infra red, False Colour
Composite (FCC). Application of remote sensing in natural resources. Introduction to
Geographical Information System (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS).
2.8 Water management: Present scenario, Methods and importance of water conservation. Water
quality standards. Interlinking of rivers in India. Conventional and non-conventional methods of
rainwater harvesting. Groundwater management- technical and social aspects, Methods of
artificial groundwater recharge. Concept of watershed and watershed management.

Standard : Degree. Total Marks : 150 Medium- Marathi and English
Nature of Paper : Objective Type. Duration : 2 Hours
(1) The Nature and standard of questions in the paper will be such that a well educated person will
be able to answer without any specialised study and its intention is to test candidate’s general
awareness of a variety of subjects.
(2) It is expected from candidates to study the latest and recent developments and happenings
pertaining to the topics/sub topics mentioned below.
1. The Constitution of India: Making of the Constitution, Salient Features of the Constitution.
Philosophy of the Preamble - (Secular democratic and socialist), Fundamental Rights and
Duties - Directive Principles of State Policy, Free and Compulsory primary education, Uniform
Civil Code, and Fundamental Duties. Centre - State relations and Formation of New States.
Independent Judiciary. Amendment Procedure and Major Amendments to the Constitution:
Landmark Judgments used for interpreting the Constitution. Structure and Functions of major
Commissions and Boards: Election Commission, Union and State Public Service
Commissions, National Women's Commission, Human Rights Commission, National Minorities
S.C./S.T. Commission - River Water Dispute Settlements Board etc.
2. The Political System (Structure, Powers and Functions of Governments): Nature of Indian
Federation-Union & State-Legislatures, Executive & Judiciary. Union-State Relationship-
Administrative, Executive and Financial Relationships. Distribution of Legislative powers, Subjects.
(1) The Central Government - The Union Executive: President- Vice-President - Prime Minister
and Council of Ministers - Attorney General of India - Comptroller and Auditor General of India
(2) The Union Legislature - Parliament, Speaker and Dy. Speaker - Parliamentary Committees
- Parliament's Control over Executive.
(3) Judiciary: Organisation of Judiciary - Integrated Judiciary - Functions - Role and Power of the
Supreme Court and High Court-Subordinate Courts–Lokpal,Lokayukt and Lok Nyayalaya - Judiciary as
a watch-dog protecting the Constitutional Order- Judicial Activism, Public Interest Litigation.
3. State Government and Administration (With Special Reference to Maharashtra) –
Formation and Reorganisation of Maharashtra State, Governor, Chief Minister, Council of
Ministers, Chief Secretary, State Secretariat, Directorates, Legislative Assembly, Legislative
Council, - Powers, Functions and Role - Legislative Committees. Sherrif of Mumbai.
4. District Administration - Evolution of District Administration, Changing role of the District
Collector: Law and Order, Relationship with functional Departments. District Administration and
the Panchayati Raj Institutions. Role and Functions of the Sub-Divisional Officer.
5. Rural and Urban Local Government: Significance of 73rd and 74th Amendment to the
Constitution. Empowerment of local government and their role in development.
(1) Rural Local Government, Composition, Powers and Functions of Zilla Parishad, Panchayat
Samiti and Gram Panchayat. Peculiarities of Panchayat Raj Institutions of Mahrashtra,
Status Report of Panchayat Raj Institutions and its Performance Appraisal. Main features of
73rd Constitutional Amendments. Problems of implementation. Major rural development
programmes and their management.
(2) Urban Local Government, Composition and Functions of Municipal Corporations, Municipal
Councils and Cantonment Boards. Structure, Officials, Resources, Powers- Functions and
Controls. Main features of 74th Constitutional Amendments: Problems of implementation.
Major urban development programmes and their management.
6. Educational System : Directive Principles of State Policy and Education; Educational Problems
of Disadvantaged Sections- Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Muslims and Women;
Privatization of education - issues of access to education, merit, quality, and social justice;
General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and emerging issues, Challenges in Higher
Education today. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan.

7. Parties and Pressure Groups: Nature of Party system - Role of National Parties - Ideology,
organisation and electoral performance - Political Parties and their Social Bases. Regionalism-
Rise of Regional Parties; Ideology, Organisation and electoral performance - Major Pressure
Groups and Interest Groups in Maharashtra - their Role and impact on Policy making.
Programmes of Social Welfare in Maharashtra : Women and Children; Labour; and Youth.
Non-Government Organizations and their Role in Social Welfare.
8. The Media: Print and Electronic Media - its impact on policy making, shaping of the public
opinion and educating the people. Press Council of India. Code of conduct for Mass media in a
secular democracy like India. The portrayal of women in the main stream mass media: Facts and
Norms. Freedom of speech and expression, and limitation thereof.
9. The Electoral Process: Main features of Electoral process - single member territorial
Constituencies. Reserved constituencies for weaker sections - Adult Franchise - Role of Election
Commission - General Elections - Major trends – Patterns of Voting behaviour - and Factors
influencing the voting behaviour - Problems and difficulties in conducting Free and Fair Elections
- Electoral Reforms. EVMs.
10. Administrative Law: Rule of law. Administrative Discretion and its control and Judicial Review.
Administrative Tribunals, their establishment and functioning. Principles of Natural Justice.
11. Central and State Government Privileges: Section 123 of the Indian Evidence Act, Official
Secrets Act, RTI and its impact on Official Secrets Act.
12. Some Pertinent Laws:
(1) Environmental Protection Act, 1986: Object, Machinery and Measures provided therein.
(2) The Consumer Protection Act, 1986: Definitions-Consumer Disputes-Redressal Machinery.
(3) Freedom of Information Act, 2005: Rights of Applicants and duty of Public Authority.
(4) Information Technology Act - 2000 (Cyber Law): Definitions – Authorities – offences.
(5) The Prevention of Corruption Act.
(6) Right to Information Act 2005
13. Social Welfare and Social Legislation: Social Legislation as an instrument of Social Change;
Human Rights. Protection to Women under: The Constitution of India and Criminal Law (CrPC),
Domestic Violence (Prevention) Act, The Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955, The Scheduled
Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 and The Right to
Information Act, 2005.
14. Public Services : All India Services, Constitutional position, role and functions. Central Services:
nature and functions. Union Public Service Commission. State Services and the Maharashtra
State Public Service Commission. Training in the changing context of governance- YASHDA, Lal
Bahadur Shastri Academy of Administration, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy.
15. Control over Public Expenditure: Parliamentary Control, Estimates Committee, Public Accounts
Committee, Committee on Public Undertakings, Office of the Comptroller and Auditor General
(CAG) of India, Role of the Finance Ministry in monetary and Fiscal policy, Composition and
function of Accountant General, Maharashra.

Standard : Degree. Total Marks :150 Medium- Marathi and English
Nature of Paper : Objective Type. Duration : 2 Hours
(1) The Nature and standard of questions in the paper will be such that a well educated person will
be able to answer without any specialised study and its intention is to test candidate’s general
awareness of a variety of subjects.
(2) It is expected from candidates to study the latest and recent developments and happenings
pertaining to the topics/sub topics mentioned below.
1.1 Human Resource Development in India - Present status of population in India - quantitative
aspect (size and growth - Sex, Age, Urban and Rural) and qualitative aspects (Education and
Healthcare). Population policy and projection upto 2050. Importance and need of Human
Resource planning in modern society. Components and factors involved in planning of Human
Resources. Nature, types and problems of unemployment in India, Trends of Employment in
India, Demand estimate of skilled manpower in different Sectors and Areas. Governmental and
Voluntary Institution engaged in development of manpower e.g. NCERT, NIEPA, UGC, Open
Universities, AICTE, NCTE, ITIs, NCVT, IMC, etc. Problems and issues related to HRD. Govt.
employment policy, various schemes to reduce unemployment and underemployment.
1.2 Education: Education as a tool of HR development and social change. Education (Pre-primary
to Higher Education) system in India. Problems and issues (Universalisation of education,
vocationalisation of education, Quality improvement, Dropout rate etc.) Education for Girls,
Socially and Economically underprivileged classes, Handicapped, Minorities, Talent Search etc.
Govt. policies, Schemes and programms for Education. Govt. and Voluntary Agencies involved
in promoting, regulating and monitoring Formal, Non-formal and Adult education. e-Learning.
Impact of globalisation and privatisation on Indian education. National Knowledge Commission,
National Commission for Higher Education and Resaearch, IITs, IIMs, NITs.
1.3 Vocational Education: As a tool of HR development. Vocational/Technical Education- Present
status, systems and training in India particularly in Maharashtra. Govt. policies, schemes and
programs – Problems, issues and efforts to overcome them. Institutes involved in promoting,
regulating, accrediting vocational and Technical Education.
1.4 Health: As an essential and major component of HRD, Vital Statistics, World Health
Organisation (WHO) - objectives, structure, functions and its programmes. Govt. Health
policies, schemes and programmes, Healthcare system in India. Problems and issues related
to Healthcare and efforts to overcome them. Janani-Bal Suraksha Yojana. National Rural
Health Mission.
1.5 Rural Development: Empowerment of panchayat Raj system. Village Panchayat and its role
in Rural development, Land reforms and development, Role of cooperative institutes in Rural
Development, Financial Institutes involved in Rural Development, Rural Employment Schemes,
Rural Water Supply and Sanitation programs. Infrastructure development e.g. Energy,
Transportation, Housing and communication in rural area. National Rural Employment
Guarantee Scheme (NREGS).
2.1 Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR 1948)- International human rights standards,
its reflections in Indian constitution, mechanism to enforce and protect Human Rights in India.
Human Rights Movement in India. Problems related to human rights deprivations such as
poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, social-cultural-religious practices, violence, corruption,
terrorism, exploitation of labour, custodial crimes etc. Need, for training in and practising of
human rights and human dignity in a democratic set up. Globalisation and its impact on different
sections of Indian Society. Human Development Index, Infant Mortality Ratio, Sex Ratio.
2.2 Child Development: problems and issues (Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Child labour, Children
education etc.) - Government Policies, welfare schemes and programs - Role of international
agencies, Voluntary Organisations Community resources. People participation in their Welfare.
2.3 Women Development - problems and issues (Gender inequality, Violence against women, Girl
child Infanticide/Foeticide, Empowerment of Women etc.)- Government Policy, schemes and
programs for development / welfare and empowerment - Role of international agencies, Voluntary
Organisations and Community resources. People’s participation in their development. AASHA.
2.4 Youth Development: problems and issues (Unemployment, unrest, drug addiction etc.) -
Government Policy - development schemes and programs - Role of international agencies,
Voluntary Organisations and Community resources. People’s participation in their development.
2.5 Tribal Development: problems and issues (Malnutrition, isolation, integration and development
etc.) - Tribal movement - Government Policy, welfare schemes and programs- Role of
international agencies, Voluntary Organisations and Community resources. People’s
participation in their Welfare.
2.6 Development for Socially deprived classes (SC, ST, DT/NT, OBC etc. ) - problems and
issues (inequality in opportunity etc.) - Government Policy, welfare schemes and development
programs - Role of international agencies, Voluntary Organisations and Resource mobilsation
and Community participation.
2.7 Welfare for aged People- problems and issues - Government Policy - welfare schemes and
programs - Role of international agencies, Voluntary Organisations and Community
participation for their development. Utilisation of their services in developmental activities.
2.8 Labour Welfare - problems and issues (working conditions, wages, health and problems
related to organised and unorganised sectors) - Government Policy, welfare schemes and
programs - Role of international agencies, community and Voluntary Organisations.
2.9 Welfare of disabled persons - problems and issues (inequality in educational and
employment opportunity etc.) - Government Policy, welfare schemes and programs - Role of
international agencies, Voluntary Organisations in employment and rehabilitation.
2.10 People’s Rehabilitations - (People affected by Development projects and Natural Calamities.)
– Strategy and programs – Legal Provisions – Consideration of different aspects like economic,
cultural, social, psychological etc.
2.11 International and Regional Organisations: United Nations and its specialised agencies –
SAARC, NAM, Commonwealth of Nations and European Union.
2.12 Consumer Protection: Salient features of the existing act- Rights of consumers- Consumer
disputes and redressal machinery, Different kinds of Forums- Objectives, Powers, functions,
procedures, Consumer Welfare Fund.
2.13 Values and Ethics: Fostering of social norms, values, ethics through formal and informal
agencies such as family, religion, education, media etc.

Standard: Degree. Total Marks: 150 Medium- Marathi and English
Nature of Paper: Objective Type. Duration: 2 Hours
(1) The Nature and standard of questions in the paper will be such that a well educated person will
be able to answer without any specialised study and its intention is to test candidate’s general
awareness of a variety of subjects.
(2) It is expected from candidates to study the latest and recent developments and happenings
pertaining to the topics/sub topics mentioned below.
1.1 Indian Economy - Challenges in Indian Economy - Poverty, Unemployment and Regional
Imbalances. Planning: Process - Types - Review of India's First to Tenth Five year Plans.
Evaluation. Social and Economic Indicators of Development. State and Local Level Planning.
Decentralisation - 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments.
1.2 Urban and Rural Infrastructure Development: Need and Significance. Growth and
Development of Social and economic infrastructure such as Energy, Water supply and
sanitation, Housing, Transport (Road, Ports etc.), Communications (Post and Telegraphs,
Telecommunication), Network of Radio, TV, Internet. Crises, problems related to Infrastructure
in India. Policy alternatives- Public-Private Sector Partnership (PPP). FDI and Infrastructure
Development- Privatisation of infrastructure development. Centre and State Government
Policies for Infrastructure Development. Transport and Housing (Urban and Rural). Problems -
Centre and State Government initiatives and programmes. BOLT and BOT schemes.
1.3 Industry: Need - importance and role of industries in economic and social development,
Growth Pattern, Structure of Large-scale Industries in India with special reference to
Maharashtra. Small-scale, Cottage and Village industries, their problems and prospects. Impact
of liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation on SSIs. Maharashtra’s Policy, measures and
programmes for development, promotion and monitoring of SSIs. Export Potential of Small
scale and cottage industries. SEZs, SPVs.
1.4 Co-operation: Concept, Meaning, Objectives, Old and new principles of co-operation. Growth
and diversification of co-operative movement in India. Co-operative institution in Maharashtra –
types, role, importance and diversification. State policy and Co-operative sector - Legislation,
Supervision, Audit and Aid. Problems of Co-operatives in Maharashtra. Prospects of
Cooperatives in the era of global competition. Review, reforms and prospects of cooperative
movement in Maharashtra – Alternative policy initiatives in agricultural marketing- Employment
Guarantee Scheme.
1.5 Economic reforms: Background, Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation – (concept,
meaning, scope and limitations). Economic Reforms at Centre and State Level. WTO Regime -
Provisions and its implications and impact on Indian Economy, issues and problems.
1.6 International Trade and International Capital Movements: Emerging Trends in era of
globalisation. Growth, Composition and Direction of India's Foreign Trade. Foreign trade policy
of India - Export Promotion. WTO and International Trade. Foreign Capital Inflows -
Composition and Growth - FDI. e-Commerce. Role of Multinationals - International Financing
Agencies – (IMF, World Bank and IDA). International Credit Ratings.
1.7 Measurement and estimate of poverty – Poverty line: concept and facts, BPL, poverty
eradication measures – fertility, nuptiality, mortality and morbidity in India - gender
empowerment policies.
1.8 Factors determining employment - measures of unemployment - relation between income,
poverty and employment - issues of distributional and social justice.
1.9 Economy of Maharashtra: salient features of agriculture, industry and service sectors -
drought management in Maharashtra - FDI in Maharashtra.

2.1 Macro Economics: Methods of national income accounting. Functions of money - base money
- high-power money - quantity theory of money - money multiplier. Monetary and nonmonetary
theories of inflation - control of inflation: monetary, fiscal and direct measures.
2.2 Public Finance and Financial Institutions: Role of public finance in market economy -
Criteria for public investment. Merit goods and public goods- sources of revenue and
expenditure (Centre and State) -forms of taxes and subsidies and their incidence and effects.-
tax, non-tax and public debt of Centre and States in India. Public Expenditure (Centre and
States) - Growth and causes. Public Expenditure Reform - Performance Based Budgeting
and Zero Based Budgeting. Zero-base budgeting - types of budget deficits - internal and
external borrowings. Review of Tax Reforms at national and State level. VAT. Public debt -
Growth, Composition and Burden. Problem of States' Indebtedness to Centre. Fiscal Deficits -
Concepts, Control of Deficits - Centre, State and RBI Initiatives. Fiscal Reforms in India -
Review at Centre and State Level. Financial sector reforms - new trends in banking - real and
nominal interest rates - repo and reverse repo transactions.
2.3 Growth, Development and International Economics:
(1) Indicators of development- sustainable development- development and environment -
Green GDP.
(2) Factors of economic development: natural resource, population, human capital,
infrastructure - theory of demographic transition- Human development index - human
poverty index – gender empowerment measure
(3) Role of foreign capital and technology in growth - multi-national corporations.
(4) International trade as an engine of growth - theories of international trade
(5) IMF-IBRD-WTO - Regional Trade Agreements - SAARC - ASEAN.
2.4 Indian Agriculture, Rural Development and Cooperation:
(1) Role of agriculture in economic development - interrelationship between agriculture,
industry and services sectors - contract farming - precision farming – corporate farming –
organic farming.
(2) Size of land holding and productivity - Green Revolution and technological change -
agricultural prices and terms of trade- farm subsidies–Public Distribution System - food security.
(3) Regional disparities in agricultural growth in India–agri-business and global marketing -
agricultural credit in India.
(4) Sources of irrigation and water management - live-stock resource and their productivity -
White Revolution, fisheries, poultry, forestry, horticulture and floriculture development in
India and Maharashtra.
(5) Strategies of rural development during the plan period-rural infrastructure (social and economic)
(6) W.T.O. and agriculture - Farmer’s and Breeder’s Rights - biodiversity - GM technology.
2.5 Indian Industry, Infrastructure and Services Sector:
(1) Trends, composition and growth of industries, infrastructure and services sector in India -
role of public, private and cooperative sectors in India - small and cottage industries. BPO.
(2) Liberalisation and its effects on Indian industries - industrial sickness.
3.1 Energy: Conventional and non-conventional energy sources - Potential of Solar, Wind, Biogas,
Biomass, Geothermal and other renewable energy sources. Introduction to solar gadgets viz
solar cooker, water heater etc. Biogas- principle, and process. Problems of Energy Crises,
Govt. Policies and programs for power generation. Nuclear Power Program, Thermal Power
Program, Hydroelectric Power program, Power distribution and National Grid. Agencies and
Institutions engaged in Energy security, Research and development.
3.2 Computer and Information Technology: Role of computer in modern society, its applications
in various spheres of life such as data communication, networking and web technologies,
Cyber crime and its prevention. Use of I.T. in various services, Govt. programs such as Media
Lab Asia, Vidya Vahini, Gyan Vahini, Community Information Centre etc. Major issues in IT
industry - its prospects.

3.3 Space Technology: Indian space programmes, Indian Artificial satellites for
telecommunication, television, education, broadcasting, weather forecasting, GPS, disaster
warning. Indian missile program etc., Remote sensing, GIS and its application in weather
forecasting, Disaster warning, water, soil, mineral resources development, agriculture and
fisheries development, urban planning, ecological studies, GS and GIS.
3.4 Biotechnology: Its potential to improve human life and national economy through agricultural,
industrial development and employment generation. Biotechnology as an essential and
important tool of natural resource development. Areas of application - Agriculture, Animal
breeding and Veterinary health-care, Pharmaceutics, Human healthcare, Food technology,
energy generation, environment protection etc. Role and efforts of government in promoting,
regulating and developing biotechnology in country. Ethical, Social, Legal issues related to
biotechnological development, possible adverse effects of biotechnological development.
3.5 Nuclear Policy of India: Salient features. Nuclear Power as source of energy and its
significance as clean energy. Problems of nuclear waste. Nuclear thermal power generation in
India, its contribution to total power generation. Determinants of Nuclear Tests: Pokhran
I(1974) and Pokhran II (1998). Recent Trends in Nuclear Policy such as NPT (Nuclear Non-
Proliferation Treaty) and CTBT (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty). INDO-US Nuclear Treaty of
3.6 Disaster Management: Definition, nature, types and classification of disasters, Natural
Hazards: Causative factors and mitigation measures. Floods, earthquakes, tsunamis,
landslides, etc., Factors affecting mitigation measures- Case studies of major earthquakes and
tsunamis such as Killari (1993), Bhuj (2001), Sikkim-Nepal (2011) earthquakes, Banda Ache
(2004) (Sumatra), Fukushima (2011) (Japan) earthquakes and Tsunami. Maharashtra:
Mumbai floods of 2005. December 1993, June 2006, November 2009, July 2011 bomb blasts
and terrorist attacks, their impact.

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